Motor Vehicles (Vehicle Location Tracking Device and Emergency Button) Order, 2018

The Central Government (Ministry of Road Transport and Highways) vide Notification no. S.O. 5453(E) dated 25.10.2018, has mandated that all new public service vehicles (any motor vehicle used or adapted to be used for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward, and includes a maxi-cab, a motor-cab, contract carriage) except

  • auto rickshaws/three wheelers
  • eRickshaws
  • any transport vehicle for which no permit is required

registered on and after 1st January 2019, will have to be equipped with Vehicle Location Tracking (VLT) with emergency buttons. This regulation is being brought in to ensure safety of passengers especially women.

In case of older public service vehicles-those registered upto 31st December, 2018, the respective State/UT Governments will notify the date by which these vehicles have to install Vehicle Location Tracking Device and Panic Buttons. The Ministry has sent an advisory to the states in this regard.

The Vehicle Location Tracking Device and Emergency Button (VLT) manufacturers shall get their devices tested and certified from any of the testing agencies referred to in rule 126 of the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989.

The State or Union Territories shall check fitment and functional status of the VLT device in the public service vehicles at the time of checking of the vehicles for fitness certification.

The public service vehicle owner shall have freedom to choose or install the VLT device of his choice from any of the manufacturers as long as it is Type approved as per Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989.

The Command and Control Centres or such other centre setup by the State or VLT manufacturers or any other agency authorised by the State Government shall be used to provide interface to various stakeholders such as State emergency response centre, the transport department or Regional Transport Offices, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and its designated agency, device manufacturers and their authorised dealers, testing agencies, permit holders, etc. as per code of practice of AIS 140 (AIS 140 is part of the Intelligent Transportation Systems requirements for public transport vehicles).

The Command and Control Centre or such other centre shall also provide feed to the VAHAN data base or the relevant data base of the State with regard to the over speeding, device health status.

The details of each VLT device shall be uploaded on the VAHAN database by the VLT device manufacturer using its secured authenticated access. The VLT device manufacturers or their authorised dealers shall install the VLT devices in public service vehicles and register the devices along with details of vehicle on the corresponding backend systems in real-time.

The public service vehicle owners have to ensure that the VLT devices installed in their vehicles are in working condition and regularly send required data to the corresponding backend system through cellular connectivity.

The State or Union Territories shall publish Internet Protocol address (IP address) and Short Message Service Gateway (SMS gateway) details of their respective emergency response system where VLT devices shall send the emergency alerts on press of emergency button.

The VLT device manufacturers or their authorised dealers, at the time of installation of VLT device in public service vehicles, shall configure the Internet Protocol address (IP address) and Short Message Service Gateway (SMS gateway) details in the device for sending emergency alerts to the emergency response system of the State or Union Territory concerned.

VLT device manufacturers or their authorised dealers shall provide comprehensive warranty/maintenance support for the VLT device and facilitate cellular connectivity for a minimum period of two years for new public service vehicles and one year for other vehicles.

Copy of Notification: Notification no. S.O. 5453(E) dated 25.10.2018 regarding Motor Vehicles

-Tushar Kaushik

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