The Hon’ble Supreme Court, today, i.e. on 7thJanuary 2018, in the matter of Kamal Kumar v. Premlata Joshi & Ors. expounded when can specific performance be granted while observing that the issue of readiness and willingness is the most important issue for considering the grant of specific performance of the contract.
The Hon’ble Supreme Court observed that:
The grant of relief of specific performance is a discretionary and equitable relief. (Para 10)
(Para 10) The material questions, which are required to be gone into for grant of the relief of specific performance, are
First, whether there exists a valid and concluded contract between the parties for sale/purchase of the suit property.
Second, whether the plaintiff has been ready and willing to perform his part of contract and whether he is still ready and willing to perform his part as mentioned in the contract .
Third, whether the plaintiff has, in fact, performed his part of the contract and, if so, how and to what extent and in what manner he has performed and whether such performance was in conformity with the terms of the contract.
Fourth, whether it will be equitable to grant the relief of specific performance to the plaintiff against the defendant in relation to suit property or it will cause any kind of hardship to the defendant and, if so, how and in what manner and the extent if such relief is eventually granted to the plaintiff.
Lastly, whether the plaintiff is entitled for grant of any other alternative relief, namely, refund of earnest money etc. and, if so, on what grounds.
The aforementioned questions are part of the statutory requirements (Sections 16 (c), 20, 21, 22, 23 of the Specific Relief Act, 1963 and the forms 47/48 of Appendix A to C of the Code of Civil Procedure). These requirements have to be properly pleaded by the parties in their respective pleadings and proved with the aid of evidence in accordance with law. It is only then the Court is entitled to exercise its discretion and accordingly grant or refuse the relief of specific performance depending upon the case made out by the parties on facts. (Para 11)
The issue of readiness and willingness, is the most important issue for considering the grant of specific performance of the contract (Para 13)
The issue of readiness and willingness being essentially a question of fact, the Supreme Court is not inclined to again appreciate the entire evidence while hearing the appeal under Article 136 of the Constitution. It is more so when the appellant is also not able to point out any material perversity or/and illegality in the finding so as to call for any interference therein by the Supreme Court. (Para 13)
Copy of judgement: Judgement_07-Jan-2019